PRIMARY DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE ON THE INTERNET
At this time primary sources may be the richest source of information for history teachers on the Internet. Although there are some noticeable gaps in "what's out there", many historical topics are well covered. Universities, museums, institutes and even monasteries all house and make available a wealth of primary documents (many scanned in from the original as well as typed). These include: photographs, maps, treaties , resolutions, manuscripts, diaries ( personal as well as presidential) letters , , cartoons, leaflets, paintings and historic speeches.
THE BRITISH LIBRARY AND THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS ON-LINE
Some notable examples are: from The British Library there is "Treasures Digitisation Project" (see digital library), and other information from their collections and exhibitions pages. The US Library of Congress has the following on-line exhibitions: American Treasures of the Library of Congress , African-American Culture and History, Dresden: Treasures from the Saxon State Library , "Creating French Culture: Treasures from the Bibliothèque nationale de France" , "The Soviet Archives Exhibit" , "The Russian Church and Native Alaskan Cultures" "1492: An Ongoing Voyage" , "Scrolls from the Dead Sea" and "The Vatican Exhibit". In addition the Library of Congress has published an impressive range of its holdings on US history at it's Web site American Memory:Historical Collections for the National Digital Library.
ONLINE COLLECTIONS OF PRIMARY DOCUMENTS
Other primary resources from the US include: the University of Kansas "Documents Room" , the US National Archives (including an exhibit on 'American Originals' ) The Wiretap Documents Server (US Historical Documents, World Constitutions, Canadian Documents, Miscellaneous World Documents), EuroDocs: Primary Historical Documents From Western Europe, the Avalon History Project (digital documents relevant to the fields of law, history, economics from Yale University Law School), G-Text Primary Source Archives (German documents in English translation), Hanover Historical Texts Project, The Karpeles Manuscript Library, Reading About the World: A Reader for the Study of World Civilizations, McMaster History of Economic Thought Archive, "The Marx and Engels On-line Library", The Marxism/Leninism Project, news articles from from NEUE RHEINISCHE ZEITUNG (which refer to the Frankfurt Assembly and the revolutions, of 1848) , the University of Chicago's "French Revolutionary Pamphlets" and Views the Famine (which includes archive material relating the the Irish famine from 1845 to 1851 with 68 engravings).
ONLINE COLLECTIONS OF PRIMARY DOCUMENTS (continued)
From the Netherlands there is A Hundred Highlights from the Koninklijke Bibliotheek the University of Gronigen's "Archives of Old Dutch City Maps", and a site devoted to Rare Books Information.
The German Historical Museum in Berlin has published some of its exhibitions on-line including a content-rich site entitled Victoria & Albert, Vicky & The Kaiser: A Chapter of Anglo-German Family Relations
The Bibliothèque nationale de France has produced "The Age of King Charles V" with a collection of on-line manuscripts and other information related to that period in French history, the International Institute of Social History in Amsterdam has published part of its extensive collection of poster art entitled The Chairman Smiles: Posters from the Former Soviet Union, Cuba and China and from an American universtiy there is Primary sources for Military History which focuses primarily on European military history before the twentieth century.
REFERENCE GUIDES FOR CITING INTERNET SOURCES
Many primary resources are housed together or provide links to other sites of interest. Frequently hard to find items or related documents are linked for comparison. Archived issues of newspapers and magazines are also available on-line. Students who wish to cite Internet sources in their research projects will find several useful online reference guides including Beyond the MLA Handbook: Documenting Electronic Sources on the Internet (by Andrew Harnack and Gene Kleppinger from Eastern Kentucky University), A Brief Citation Guide for Internet Sources in History and the Humanities (available from the H-Net Home Page at Michigan State University) and 'Citing electronic information in history papers' by Maurice Crouse, Department of History, The University of Memphis.
HISTORICAL GENEOLOGIES ON-LINE
With the introduction of cgi scripting, websites can have more interactive search tools. One example is the Royal and Noble Genealogical Data on the Web which allows the user to trace a number of European royal families by country, date, family name etc. Other sites with royal genological information can be found in the UK Kings and Queens of Europe (with accompanying biographies) and the US (see Royal Genealogies). Such developments in web technology should help to improve the effectiveness of on-line research in the future.